Sunday, July 05, 2020

Rolleiflex 35mm

25 f2.8 HFT Distagon






Rolleiflex 3003 Brochure:


‘A superlatively designed wide-angle lens of particularly compact construction. Very light at only 310g. Universally applicable for landscape, architectural and interior photography. Excellent depth of field, even at f2.8.

8 elements in 7 groups
f2.8 – 22
Angle of view: 80o
Close focus distance:  0.25m
Filter size: 49mm 


I find this lens a very nice and comfortable wide angle lens to use. At that point of time Zeiss only made a 25mm for the Rolleiflex. Zeiss designed 28mm was available for the Contax C/Y mount but not in Rollei QBM mount.  The 25mm has a very strong character. This character is very apparent when photographing situation with objects present from the near to far distance. The lens has very good sharpness and very good depth of field.


Hotel Highlands Genting Highland Rolleiflex SL 2000 F f8 2sec 25/2.8 HFT Distagon Ektarpress 100 


St Peter's Catherdral Rolleiflex 3003 25/2.8 HFT Distago Ektar 100   21 Oct 1995 



Place de la Bastille - SL2000F - f8 1/60 HFT 25/2.8 Distagon - Ektapress 100 - 22 May 1999



SL2000F - f8 1/8 HFT 25/2.8 Distagon + Polarizer - Ektapress 100 - 30 May 1999



Musee d'Orsay - VSL-3E - f5.6 1/60 HFT 25/2.8 Distagon + Polarizer - Agfa Ultra 50 - 2 June 1999



Malaca - 3003 - Ektar 25 - Manfrotto 190C/168 - 7 April 1998



Gardens by the Bay - Alpha 7R - f8 1/250 - ISO 100 - 25 May 2014





18 f4 Carl Zeiss HFT Distagon



10 elements in 9 groups


Angle of view: 100o

Close focus distance:  0.30m 

Filter size: slip on 70mm



A well designed and compact super wide angle lens. Distorsion control is good but need to be careful depend on photographic situation. Light falls off at large aperture is apparent. This lens has a very pleasant signature. The lens is very compact for this angle coverage. To use a 86mm filter you will need a special 70/86 adaptor, and the filter has to be the thin type. 


Medan Deri River Rolleiflex SL 2000 F f8 1/125 18/4 HFT Distagon Ektarpress 100 


World Trade Centre Twin Towers,  Rolleiflex SL2000F, f8 1/250 18/4 HFT Distagon,
New York, 9 July 2000


SL2000F - f11 1/125 - Ektapress 100 - Manfrotto 190C/168 - 6 July 1997    

16 f2.8 HFT F-Distagon



A very well designed fish-eye lens from Zeiss. All of them, even for Contax series, were made in Germany. The 16/2.8 fisheye is good for creating dramatic photographic effect. I find it particularly suitable for architecture with circular lines. Also it is a 'standard' lens for taking interior of church. I always got good results with it taking churches interior.


Thousand Islands Gananoque f5.6 1/500 16/2.8 HFT F-Distagon VC160 Rolleiflex SL 2000 F 



St-Severin  f8 2-4sec 16/2.8 HFT F-Distagon
Voigtlander VSL-3E
Agfa Ultra 50 - 31 May 1999 


A7R2, f8 1/250, ISO 100, 20 Dec 2019



Wesley Methodist Church, SL2000F, f8 1sec, Ektapress 100, 190/168, 11 Jan 1997.



La Defense Stabilr Sculpturede Calder EPAD1976 - SL2000F - f8 1/125 HFT 16/2.8 F-Distagon - Ektapress 100 - 23 May 1999









QBM Mount


QBM Mount


I would classified Rolleiflex 35mm QBM mounts into 3 types:


QBM 1-pin type:

The mount only has 1 pin on the lens, work much like the pin in the M42 mount. The camera body has a plunger to stop down this pin while taking picture. This type of mount is ideal for used on the SL 35 as the body was designed to work in stop down metering fashion. On later models the bodies had a stop down button to activate camera metering with the lens stopping down. In the photo below you can see the stop down pin at 2 o'clock position, nothing else but the manual/auto switch between the 8 and 9 o'clock position.




QBM 2-pin type:

The stop down pin in QBM 1-pin mount remained. Now there was an additional pin for mechanical aperture information transfer from the lens to the camera body. This type was designed to be used in open aperture metering mode for camera models from SL 350 onwards. Aperture indication was via a optical window for models SL 35 M, SL 35 ME and SL 35 E. However there would be no aperture indication for model SL 2000 F and 3003/3001. As shown below, in the top picture the stop down pin is at the 1 o'clock position, the aperture pin is at the 8 o'clock positon. The lens on the left is an 18f4 Distagon modified to enable LED aperture display in SL2000F/3001/3003. The bottom picture shows more clearly a 2-pin lens with modified groove and the original 2-pin lens.




QBM 3-pin type:

The latest version of the QBM mount for SL 2000 F and 3003. The 2 pins were functioned identical to the QBM 2-pin type. There was an additional groove on the rear of the lens which would work with a pin from the SL 2000 F/3003 body to give LED aperture indication in the camera viewfinder. For lenses of QBM 2-pin type, a recess could actually be made so that the lens can be used on SL 2000 F/3003 with aperture indication.




The Ultimate Rolleiflex 35mm SLR


The Ultimate Rolleiflex 35mm SLR: SL 2000 F / 3003 / 3001



SL 2000 F, 18/4 HFT Distagon fitted with 86mm filter and adaptor      


SL 2000 F and 85/1.4 Carl Zeiss HFT Planar


The last lap of Rolleiflex 35mm SLR cameras came the SL 2000 F. The launching of the body was not without trouble and the first production model was launched quite a while after the display of the prototype in the Photokina.



Rolleiflex 3003 (left) and SL2000F (right)

To me the SL 2000 F was daring and ahead of time. Never before you will get a 35mm body with electronic shutter, build in winder, build in vertical finder and interchangeable magazine. And if you look carefully the overall package was much smaller than a Nikon F-3 with winder or a Canon F-1 with winder. Really daring for Rollei to launch this product. Unfortunately again Rollei did not really make it big with this model and the last of the series the 3003. Finally the 3003 stopped production and Rollei left the 35mm SLR market totally.


Left  to right:  Battery pack, film insert, film magazine housing and the  SL 2000 F Body.


So SL 2000 F probably was the first SLR body to incorporate build in winder and vertical finder. It was still the only SLR with both vertical and eye-level viewfinder organic to the body. It was almost the only 35mm SLR with interchangeable film magazine (Zeiss Ikon Contarex was the first). The Rolleiflex 3003 was the upgraded version of SL 2000 F. The main differences were as follows:


i.           Slightly different external appearance. The model name in front was ‘Rolleiflex 3003’ instead of the very nice and big ‘Rolleiflex’ on the SL 2000 F.



ii.           A video camera type of handgrip was installed on the right hand side with an additional release button added on top and improve magazine ergonomics.


iii.          Top shutter speed was 1/2000 instead of the 1/1000 in SL 2000 F.


iv.                Improved ergonomics of the vertical finder.



v.            Flash indication in viewfinder as flash symbol instead of a red dot.


vi.           Upgraded electronics within.


I did heard about some reliability problems with the SL 2000 F and 3003. However my personal SL 2000 F and 3003 had been very reliable. The only problem I encountered was occasional magazine jammed. However I am not a professional photographer so my usage might not be too severe enough to push my SL2000F/3003 to their limits.





The camera body design took me about two weeks to get use to. My only other complaint on the SL 2000 F/3003 was the edge of the viewfinder could not be easily used for focusing even when matt screen was used.

Metering system used on the SL2000F/3003 was quite different from the rest of the Rolleiflex SLR models.Whereas the rest were using centre average metering, the SL2000F/3003 were using a unique metering system. The metering area was a rectangular area, slightly darken in the centre of the view finder (see diagram below). Therefore the metering pattern  was between the more general centre average metering method and the slower spot metering method. Metering methods available were the aperture priority metering and full manual metering with user selected shutter speed and aperture. There were provision for meter reading lock and EV adjustments. There was no provision for mirror lock-up.



Mechanical release was not available for these bodies. So you would need to use the expensive electronic cable release. The RC3000 is more convenient to use for most purposes. The ME2000 model has number of frame selections of 1, 2, 4, 8, 16 and 32. That is for you to take continuous shots with one squeeze of the release. However using B mode with ME2000 is tricky. What I do is to set the camera in B mode (normally the body is set to C mode with ME2000), select 2 frames on the ME2000. When you squeeze the ME2000, the camera mirror will lock up, to release the mirror to complete the exposure, just turn the frame selection switch on the ME2000 from 2 to 1.






If you were not using Metz flash with Rollei SCA 356 shoe you will also need a right angle flash adapter. The right angle adaptor has 3 pins thus TTL to the body is poassible but so far other than the Rollei flash I have not seen any manufacturer produced flash that was able to flash TTL with the body.





                                                Right angle flash adaptor                                           SCA 356 TTL hot shoe for Metz (made by Rollei)



The SL 2000 F / 3003 used 5 AA batteries. Interestingly 5 NiCd rechargeable batteries would work better than alkaline ones. On some bodies the shutter might get jammed when alkaline batteries were used. Some however had no problem. I had been using modern NiMH batteries with my SL 2000 F and 3003 and had found no problems so far.

The SL 2000 F was supplied with empty battery housing that would accept 5 batteries. Later this convenient battery pack was discontinued and only integrated type of NiCd battery pack was supplied. The integrated type though convenient to use, but you will need to find some electricians to get the batteries replaced once they were faulty.



In terms of handling I felt that 3003 is the best with the video handgrip. With the handgrip the body is easier to take photo in portrait mode. Otherwise I found it a bit difficult and awkward using the SL2000F in portrait mode.

3001 was a simpler version of the 3003. Essentially the body only came with the top release button. The 2 side release buttons were removed, as well as the vertical finder.

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