Tuesday, August 09, 2022



Common Birds in Singapore
A7R4. in APS-C mode
A1. 12 Jun 2022
FE 200-600/5.6-6.3 G
190B/GHFG1. 2022
190XPROB/GHFG1. Feb 2022
MT190CXPRO3/GHFG1. May 2022




Red Junglefowl

An unmistakable wild rooster, with a combination of slate-grey legs, white rump and white ear-patch. Hens are uniformly dull brown wiht heavy streaking. Wildly regarded as ancestor of dometic chicken. Plumage colouration can vary greatly due to interbreeding with domestic stock. 

f7.1 1/500. @214mm, full frame, ISO 2000, Eco Lake, 9 Apr 2022


Male and female, f6.3 1/500. @600mm, Full Frame, ISO 1600, Keppel Discovery Wetlands, 10 Feb 2022


Chick, f6.3 1/500. @600mm, Full Frame, ISO 1600, Eco Lake, 9 Apr 2022






Black-naped Oriole

An common garden bird and the only member of the family found in Singapore. Both male and female have a uniformly bright yellow plumage (duller in female), a pink bill and broad black band extending from the lores to the nape. Juvenile lacks the pink bill and are streaked black on the underparts.

A6400, f8 1/1600. @600mm, ISO 800, MT190CXPRO3/BHQ2, 21 Nov 2020


A6400, f8 1/500. @600mm, ISO 1600, MT190CXPRO3/BHQ2, 4 Feb 2021


f8 1/1000. @600mm, ISO 800, MT190CXPRO3/BHQ2, Satay by the Bay, 19 Mar 2021


A6400, f10 1/2500  @600mm, ISO 1250, Bukit Batok Neighbourhood Park, MT190CXPRO3/BHQ2, 4 Oct 2021






House Crow

An infamous human commensal first introduced to Singapore through trading ships. A large bird with black face and wings, contrast wiht grey mantle, neck and breast. The species is native to Indian subcontinent and Myanmar but are now present all over the world.

A6400, f6.3 1/500. @257mm, ISO 8000, Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve, MT190CXPRO3/BHQ2, 12 Dec 2020






Javan Myna

The most recognisable bird in Singapore. Uniformly black plumage with yellow eyes, bill and legs. White wing patches. Juveniles have slaty-grey plumage that is lighter than the adult birds. The bird is native to the islands of Java but has been introduced to many places in Southeast Asia.

A6400, f6.3 1/500. @600mm, ISO 1000, MT190CXPRO3/BHQ2, 25 Oct 2020







Common Myna

The less abundent Myna in Singapore. The species has a combination of black head and yellow skin around the eye, the body plumage is brown with white wing patch. Sometimes seen with unfeathered heads when undergoing moulting. Native in Singapore but number is reduced with the better adapting Javan Myna.

f8 1/1000. @600mm, ISO 400, MT190CXPRO3/BHQ2, Gardens by the Bay, 8 Apr 2021






Eurasian Tree Sparrow

A well know human commensal, identified by its chestnut crown, black face mask, cheek patch and chin. Neck is white, upperparts generally brown with streaked black and buffy underparts.

f7.1 1/1000. @600mm, ISO 5000, MT190CXPRO3/BHQ2, Woodlands, 18 Aug 2021





Scaly-breasted Munia

Brown upperparts, within its whitish underparts is prominant black scales and think robust bill. Juveniles are uniformly drab brown with a black bill.

f6.3 1/1000. @600mm, ISO 1600, Hampstead Wetlands Park, 14 April 2022



f10 1/1600. @600mm, ISO 800, Upper Pierce Reservoir, 20 Jan 2022


A6400, f10 1/1250. @600mm, ISO 2500, MacRitchie Reservoir, MT190XPROB3/BHQ2, 23 Sept 2021



White-headed Munia

Distinctive with white head. Head, throat and upper breast are white, the rest of the body chestnut brown. Centre of belly and undertail coverts balck. Rump and uppertail coverts maroon-chestnut. Bill pale grey-blue. Feet dull grey.

f8 1/3200. @600mm, ISO 800, Upper Pierce Reservoir, 190B/GHFG1, 20 Jan 2022





White-breasted Waterhen

A familiar black and white rail with a greenish yellow beak, the most common rail in Singapore. The only rail that is regularly encountered in urban areas. Upperparts from the crown to the tail and wings entirely black, contrasting sharply with white face and underparts. Undertail coverts chestnut. Greenish bill.

A6400, f8 1/2000. @600mm, ISO 800, MT190CXPRO3/BHQ2, Satay by the Bay Lily Pond, 19 Feb 2021


f8 1/640. @600mm, ISO 800, 190B/GHFG1, Kingfisher Wetland Lookout, 7 Jan 2022


f8 1/500. @600mm, ISO 2000, MT190CXPRO3/BHQ2, Woodlands Waterfront, 28 May 2021


f8 1/500. @600mm, ISO 2000, MT190CXPRO3/BHQ2, Woodlands Waterfront, 28 May 2021




Common Iora

The only iora in Singapore. A very attractive but easily overlooked bird of the tree canopy in urban park. Breeding male has mostly black upperparts from the cap onwards, with two white wing bars. Breeding males are stunning in breeding plumage with back crown, mantle, wings and tail that contrast strongly with yellow underparts. Non-breeding male has olive-green upperparts. Female is less strongly marked with paler green upperparts. Both sexes have two prominent white wing bars.

Breeding male, f8 1/1600. @600mm, ISO 800, 190B/GHFG1, Jurong Lake Gardens, 25 Jan 2022


Female, f8 1/1600. @560mm, ISO 3200, MT190CXPRO3/BHQ2, Woodlands Waterfront, 14 Nov 2021


Female, f8 1/1600. @600mm, ISO 1600, Woodlands Waterfront, 7 Aug 2021




Greater Racket-tailed Drongo

A large drongo with prominant tail feathers. One of the most distinctive forest birds in Singapore thanks in part to its distinctive modified tail feathers. Plumage glossy black, with conspicious tuft on forehead. Red eyes. Tail lightly forked, unlike Crow-billed Drongo, with shafts of outer feathers extending and ending with a curled racket. Recently moulted birds and juvenile may not possess these rackets.


A6400, f6.3 1/500. @600mm, ISO 6400, MT190CXPRO3/BHQ2, Healing Garden, 10 Sept 2021



A6400, f6.3 1/200. @600mm, ISO 3200, MT190CXPRO3/BHQ2, Healing Garden, 10 Sept 2021



A6400, f6.3 1/200. @600mm, ISO 3200, MT190CXPRO3/BHQ2, Healing Garden, 10 Sept 2021



Malaysian Pied Fantail

The only fantail in Singapore. Upperparts entirely black. Underparts white with broad black band across breast. Prominent rictal bristles. Long tail with white tips, repeatedly fanned and closed as bird moves. Formerly known as Pied Fantail, but now split from Philippine ssp.

A7R2, f6.3 1/500. @594mm, APS-C mode, ISO 3200, Satay by the Bay Lotus Pond, 20 July 2019


A6400, f6.3 1/1600. @463mm, ISO 4000, Woodlands Waterfront, MT190CXPRO3/BHQ2, 5 Sept 2021


f8 1/1250. @600mm, ISO 6400, Eco Garden, 19 Aug 2021


f8 1/1250. @600mm, ISO 2500, Eco Garden, 19 Aug 2021


Juvenile, f8 1/1250. @600mm, ISO 2500, Eco Garden, 19 Aug 2021




Pied Triller

A distinctive black and white bird with contrasting white brow and black eye-stripe. Male is black on crown, nape, mantle and parts of wing, mostly white on underparts. Back and uppertail coverts grey. Female is greyish brown on upperparts, not black, and finely scaled on underparts. Young birds are less strongly marked and are finely streaked on the underparts.


A6400, f6.3 1/1000. @600mm, ISO 1000, MT190CXPRO3/BHQ2, 8 Feb 2020




Oriental Pied Hornhill

An unmistakable bird. Both sexes have pied plumage that is black above and white below with bluish facial skin and a light yellow casque and bill. Females have a much reduced casque and black patches on the bill.

f6.3 1/640. @600mm, Full Frame, ISO 2500, Hampstead Wetlands Park, 8 Apr 2022



A7R2, f6.3 1/500. @600mm, Full Frame, ISO 1250, MT190CXPRO3/BHQ2, Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve family, 

juvenile(left), female(centre) and male, 9 Aug 2019



White-crested Laughingthrush

An unmistakable bird of well-wooded parks. It has a white head and upper breast with a black face mask and chocoloate-brown back, wings and tail. 

f6.3 1/500. @600mm, Full Frame, IO 12800, MT190CXPRO3/BHQ2, Hindhede Nature Park, 8 Mar 2021



Oriental White-eye

Only white-eye in Singapore. Unmistakable most of the upperparts olive-green with broad white eye-ring. Throat, upper breast, forehead and vent yellow. Lower breast and belly pale grey, with yellow undertail coverts and vental stripe that extends up belly.

f9 1/2000. @600mm, TC 1.4x, ISO 3200, Woodlands Waterfront, 17 Jul 2022

f9 1/1250. @600mm, TC 1.4x, ISO 1600, Woodlands Waterfront, 17 Jul 2022





Botanical Garden, Eco Lake

A7R2, f5.6 1/500 Nikkor 600/5.6 IF-ED Ais, ISO 640, 190XPROB/054Mg, 30 Sept 2016


A7R2, f5.6 1/500 Nikkor 600/5.6 IF-ED Ais, ISO 800, 190XPROB/054Mg, 30 Sept 2016



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